Green Climate Fund (GCF)
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was set up in 2010 and aims to promote the paradigm shift towards low-emission and climate-resilient development pathways by providing support to developing countries to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change, taking into account the needs of those developing countries particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism of the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement.
GCF’s places a strong emphasis on country ownership, and activities should be aligned with the priorities of developing countries. Fund has established a direct access modality so that national and sub-national organisations can receive funding directly, rather than only via international intermediaries. The Fund also targets societies that are vulnerable to the effects of climate change, in particular Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS), and African States.
The Fund has identified 8 impact areas through which to deliver major mitigation and adaptation benefits:
Shifting to low-emission sustainable development pathways through:
- Low-emission energy access and power generation
- Low-emission transport
- Energy efficient buildings, cities and industries
- Sustainable land use and forest management
Increasing climate-resilient sustainable development for:
- Enhanced livelihoods of the most vulnerable people, communities, and regions
- Increased health and well-being, and food and water security
- Resilient infrastructure and built environment to climate change threats
- Resilient ecosystems
Within the GCF, funding is also available for project preparation activities and climate finance “readiness” . For project preparation support, the Project Preparation Facility (PPF) supports Accredited Entities (AEs) in project and programme preparation. It is especially targeted to support direct access entities, and micro-to-small size category projects. Please the separate entries on GCF readiness support and the GCF Project Preparation Facility.
To receive money directly from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), entities need to be accredited as an “Accredited Entity.” See sections “Other eligibility criteria” and “Type of recipient” for more details. Note that entities that prefer to not apply for accreditation have the option of partnering with an institution that is already accredited. Click below to for additional guidance on where to find relevant materials (templates, guidance, etc.). For more information visit the Green Climate Fund Website. A list of Accredited Entities can be found here.
One distinct feature of the GCF is the accreditation of national entities or entities operating regionally in developing countries as Direct Access entities. National and Regional Accredited Entities fall under the Green Climate Fund’s Direct Access modality, which enables entities to directly access financing and manage all aspects of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects, from design through implementation, to monitoring and evaluation. Direct Access allows developing countries to strengthen capacity to adapt to climate change and build on local expertise.
To receive money directly from the Green Climate Fund (GCF), entities need to be accredited as an “Accredited Entity.” See sections “Other eligibility criteria” and “Type of recipient” for more details. Note that entities that prefer to not apply for accreditation have the option of partnering with an institution that is already accredited.
Click below to for additional guidance on where to find relevant materials (templates, guidance, etc.). For more information visit the Green Climate Fund Website. A list of Accredited Entities can be found here.
National Designated Authorities, focal points, and direct access entities can access resources to help build their capacity to access climate finance.
Find an overview of GCF Readiness Programme here, and how to access readiness support here
Organizations seen to have specialized capacities in driving climate action may apply to become GCF Accredited Entities. They can be private, public, non-governmental, sub-national, national, regional or international bodies.
Find out more about the accreditation process and how to become an accredited entity here
Accredited entities that need support in project preparation can access the GCF project preparation facility to receive support in project identification, concept development, and project structuring.
Find an overview of GCF Project Preparation Facility here, and how to access project preparation support here
For those accredited entities that have their project defined, find an overview of how to bring a project proposal to GCF, from initial submission through to Board approval here
GCF can finance private sector projects relating to mitigation and adaptation activities at all levels. Private Sector Facility (PSF) to fund and mobilize private sector actors, including institutional investors, and leverage GCF’s funds. Find out more about how GCF engages with the private sector here
Cumulative pledged funding: USD 10.3 billion (as of December 2018). Over its initial resource mobilization programming period (2015-2018) GCF has deployed over USD 5.2 billion of its USD 7 billion deposit.
On a rolling basis.