Malawi submitted its revised NDC in 2021. The revised NDC has an emissions reduction target of 51% by 2040 as compared to the business-as-usual scenario. The revised NDC covers energy, industrial processes and product use, waste, and agriculture, forestry and other land use. The adaptation component identifies ten strategic adaptation options relating to institutional framework, knowledge, technology and financing, and resilience for the most vulnerable. The estimated cost of NDC implementation is USD 46.5 billion through 2040 of which USD 42 billion is for mitigation and USD 4.5 billion is for adaptation. Malawi launched its NDC implementation plan in August 2022 as a guiding framework for implementing the climate actions laid out in the NDC.