Addressing Loss and Damage: What can we learn from countries’ National Adaptation Plans?

Sectors and Themes
Disaster Risk Reduction
Expertise Level
Resource Type
Guidance and Frameworks
Developer or Source
NAP Global Network

“Loss and damage” refers to the observed impacts and projected risks of climate change that go beyond what countries, communities, or ecosystems can adapt to. With increasing global warming and more frequent and intense natural disasters, climate change represents an existential threat to some of the most vulnerable countries. Averting, minimizing, and addressing loss and damage is about protecting and strengthening the resilience of communities, livelihoods, and ecosystems in the face of climate change, ensuring they are safeguarded for future generations.

These actions to respond to loss and damage exist along a spectrum—a layering of approaches to manage the risks of climate change impacts. These approaches include preparing for and dealing with actual losses and damages through disaster risk management (DRM) and humanitarian response, as well as preventing and reducing risks associated with climate change through adaptation and disaster risk reduction. The National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process is fundamentally about minimizing loss and damage through adaptation action. NAP documents are relevant to conversations about loss and damage because they:
• Contain information and analysis that facilitates an understanding of country-specific losses and damages
• Provide insights into countries’ understanding of the relationships between adaptation and disaster risk reduction and DRM
• Include concrete actions to minimize losses and damages

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