This Sourcebook provides guidance to national governments and key stakeholders on “how to include loss and damage in the NDC enhancement process”. It provides simple suggestions on how to improve the NDC and make them more aligned with the Paris Agreement. By following the 4 simple steps provided each country can consider how to incorporate loss and damage associated with climate change in their NDC. By including loss and damage in the NDC targets they will be more comprehensive, and will therefore describe the key milestones on the pathways necessary for communities and nature to be more resilient to the ever-escalating climate change impacts that cannot be addressed through adaptation alone.
Sectors and Themes
Disaster Risk Reduction
Nature-based Solutions and Ecosystem Services
Guidance and Frameworks
Developer or Source
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)