Sectors and Themes
Nature-based Solutions and Ecosystem Services
Expertise Level
Resource Type
Analysis Tools
Inputs Needed
Economic sector, sub-industry, and production process
Outputs Provided
List of potential dependencies and impacts of production processes on ecosystem services and natural capital assets
Developer or Source
Global Canopy
UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
UNEP Finance Initiative

ENCORE (Exploring Natural Capital Opportunities, Risks and Exposure) is a free, online tool that helps organisations explore their exposure to nature-related risk and take the first steps to understand their dependencies and impacts on nature.

ENCORE sets out how the economy – sectors, subsectors and production processes – depends and impacts on nature. Financial institutions in particular can use data from ENCORE to identify nature-related risks they are exposed to through their lending, underwriting and investment in high-risk industries and sub-industries.

As a sub-section of the tool, the ENCORE biodiversity module has been developed to help financial institutions explore how to align their activities in the agriculture and mining sectors with important global goals for nature.

Find more resources

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Net-Zero Banking Alliance, UNEP Finance Initiative

Adaptation & Resilience Investors Collaborative (ARIC), UNEP Finance Initiative

UNEP Finance Initiative

Friends of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (FEBA) Network, UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)