Water Use in India’s Power Generation: Impact of renewables and improved cooling technologies to 2030

South Asia
Climate Objective
Planning and Implementation Activity
Analysis and Data Collection
Sectors and Themes
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), World Resources Institute (WRI)
Case Summary

This study analyses the prospective impact of renewable energy deployment, along with recently mandated changes to power plant cooling systems, on water use in India’s electricity sector. Looking at the expected freshwater intensity of non-hydro power generation under different scenarios, the analysis aims to quantify the impact of India’s energy transition on freshwater use. The findings highlight the need to incorporate water considerations into energy planning.

The World Resources Institute and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) conducted the analysis using data compiled from various sources on water withdrawal and consumption. The study considers the impact on water use in the context of IRENA’s REmap India analysis as well as power-sector scenarios from India’s Central Electricity Authority (CEA). The resulting brief focuses on India’s power generation at the national level.

Further Information

Case study author(s)

Rabia Ferroukhi, Divyam Nagpal, Verena Ommer, Celia García-Baños (IRENA), Tianyi Luo, Deepak Krishnan and Ashok Thanikonda (WRI)

Year Published