Incorporating Gender and Poverty Analysis in the Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review: A Methodological Note
This paper outlines the methodology to carry out a Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) incorporating poverty and gender impacts of climate change. The paper is intended to serve as a guide for country level studies which seek to determine how public expenditure can help increase resilience of men and women, especially the poor and the vulnerable, given the reality of a changing climate. Gender and poverty analysis will provide support for climate related policy and institutional reform and enable better targeting of public expenditure to increase climate resilience. In outlining a risk assessment and vulnerability framework, it reviews existing studies of climate impact at the country level, identifies key policies that determine the effectiveness of climate change response to reduce poverty and gender-related vulnerabilities, and examines the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional environment to mitigate gender and poverty impact of climate change. This framework is used to produce a comparative review of the climate policy and action plans in Cambodia, Nepal and Bangladesh. The note also provides options for undertaking a climate public expenditure review from a gender and poverty perspective depending on the country budgetary institutions, data availability and level of disaggregation by gender and poverty.