Quito is the capital city of Ecuador with a population of 2.7 million and an area of 143 square miles. Quito is particularly vulnerable to climate change and since 2009 has been pioneering programs to mitigate the effects of climate change. Quito’s programs have been expanded nationwide due to their success and are viewed as a model for other countries. Quito’s efforts have focused around its “Action Plan” developed in 2012. The Action Plan identified five key areas that would be most impacted by climate change: water, agriculture, biodiversity, public health, and natural event risks (such as forest fires). The action plan was developed to address three key barriers to climate mitigation actions:
The Action Plan developed a number of programs. After several years of implementation at the municipal and regional level several programs were deemed the most impactful best practices. These are:
Some data and action items were deemed too long-term to be integral to the policy creation cycle, so they were excluded from immediate action plans but were maintained in municipal department cross-sectoral discussions.