Covering more than 70 percent of Earth’s surface, the ocean is an integral part of our Earth’s natural systems. The ocean produces more than half of the world’s oxygen, and plays a key role in absorbing and storing 50 times more carbon dioxide than the atmosphere. The United Nations Division for Sustainable Development Goals explains that, “since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, thereby mitigating the full impact of climate change.”  But as global carbon dioxide levels increase, the ocean is incapable of absorbing and storing additional carbon dioxide. Rising carbon dioxide concentrations also result in widespread acidification. The effects of ocean acidification due to carbon dioxide are reflected in coral bleaching, depleted fisheries, and detrimental changes to ocean ecosystems. Additional ocean concerns beyond acidification include coastal issues that are aggravated by climate change, such as coastal erosion and sea level rise.