Malabon City is one of the most densely populated cities in the Philippines and is prone to heavy flooding due to its topology. Malabon City and the surrounding regions have experienced rapid growth. The areas surrounding the river previously were used for agriculture and fishing but have become industrial and housing zones while remaining the most prone to flooding.
In 2011 the Partners for Resilience (PfR) program began working to reduce the damage caused to the city and its residents from flooding. This has included incorporating more resiliency into building design, climate change adaptation, and providing more information to residents on how to act before, during, and after a disaster. PfR found several aspects to their program the most valuable:
Many of the individuals of Metro Manila have experienced flooding since childhood and have become complacent of flood warnings. An overarching goal of the PfR was to empower individuals to proactively take steps to reduce flood damage rather than reacting only at the time of the flood. The program identified shifting urban mindsets such as this to be challenging and requiring multi-pronged approaches to overcome.