Sialkot City is one of Pakistan’s largest industrial hubs with a largely export-focused industry. However, many of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) operate below maximum capacity due to high energy prices and irregular energy availability. To supplement low energy availability, diesel generators are often used. These generators are both more expensive than electricity from the grid when it is available and emit more greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than grid electricity.
In addressing its energy shortages and climate goals city officials looked at deploying more solar and renewable resources. To find funding and financing for these projects the officials looked at the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) structure. However, NAMAs had not been implemented in the city before, so officials had to build expertise and capacity to construct the NAMA program. Officials and stakeholders reported lessons learned to building a NAMA program which included:
Government engagement was challenging. In the course of developing the NAMA it was revealed that industry leaders believed the government was responsible for solving the energy crisis. But government leaders expressed that they felt industry leaders were better equipped and strong enough to tackle energy problems. By developing this NAMA Sialkot City was able to build a better relationship between industry and government leaders to achieve economic growth and climate goals.