Indonesia has large mining, agriculture, and timber industries. These industries often require large swaths of land cleared, resulting in large-scale deforestation. Concerned with deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions, the president of Indonesia placed a 2-year moratorium on permits for new land-use in forest and peatland regions. The goal of this moratorium was to reduce the rate of deforestation, and also to use the time to evaluate and redesign the permitting process to make land-use more. During the two-year moratorium the government reviewed permits and reissued, revoked, or relocated permits. Some permits were granted illegally, were not operated in compliance with land-use requirements or were in areas with high conservation value. Work was done to incentivize permit holders to adopt sustainable practices or relocate to land with low conservation value. The government also worked strongly with local jurisdictions, law enforcement, and businesses to enforce rules around forest usage.
Conservation efforts such as the Indonesian forest moratorium are unique because they require significant monitoring and enforcement. The best practices described by program administrators include:
The moratorium was believed by the Indonesian government to not just be used as a tool to achieve greenhouse gas reductions, but also an opportunity to rethink business-as-usual and significantly change the country’s land-use practices to support low-carbon development.