To identify priority vulnerability areas to target for International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) investments
The tool can be used directly based on the Quick start guide. However, it will often be relevant to supplement the guidance material with basic capacity development activities for relevant stakeholders.
IFAD used the ''Coastal Hazard Wheel Methodology” for an Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP)-supported design process in Djibouti through the Programme to reduce vulnerability to climate change and poverty of coastal rural communities (PRaREV). For effective adaptation planning, the project design team wanted to understand the existing biophysical and socio-economic characteristics of the target area. To respond to the inter-disciplinary nature and complexity of the data required, IFAD partnered with the UNEP RISOE Center, which provided IFAD with a multi-hazard assessment displaying the extent of ecosystem disruption, salt-water intrusion, erosion, flooding and inundation along Djibouti's coastline. These five assessments were aggregated to identify risk ‘ hot spots' in which IFAD investments could be targeted for priority actions.
In these priority areas, ASAP financing is used to restore degraded mangrove ecosystems to build natural buffer zones against extreme events, improve the capacity of freshwater supply and storage systems, and strengthen the robustness of landing and storage infrastructure of fishing villages. Mangroves are very important as they provide protection from storms and floods and, just like coral reefs, they are also vital for fish stocks.
The Coastal Hazard Wheel can be used in areas with limited data availability and can therefore be used in both developed and developing countries. It makes use of basic bio-geophysical information on coastal environments, hereunder geological layout, wave conditions, tidal range, flora/fauna, sediment balance and storm climate; if relevant supplemented with further socio-economic data.
With such a precise knowledge of the biophysical and socio-economic characteristics of the target area, adaptation planning is much more effective. The Coastal Hazard Wheel proved to be a suitable tool for coastal area.