China’s Ocean Energy Development Strategies
China has set ambitious targets for renewable energy generation and aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 64%–70% below 2005 levels by 2030. To meet these targets within a broader renewable energy portfolio, China is exploring the use of various marine-based energy sources. In particular, it is supporting measures to tap into its approximately 110 GW of potential tidal power in coastal waters. Key actions and good practices set forth to achieve a cumulative capacity of 50 MW of ocean energy by 2020 are listed below.
- Policy support for research and development that enhances innovation, production, reliability, and efficiency related to specialized equipment is critical to enabling ocean technology deployment.
- China is supporting innovation by prioritizing specific technologies that align with its unique circumstances, including tidal, wave, and temperature-gradient energy technologies as well as specialized equipment that enables long continuous use.
- Islands are an integral part of China’s ocean energy development strategy, which includes island-based ocean energy systems, solar energy systems, and micro-grids.
- Strengthening national and international cooperation has enhanced research and development efforts.